The RCM is under the direction of the Institute of Multilingualism.The RCM's work is carried out in accordance with the Language Law and a mandate from the Swiss Confederation, which is represented by the Federal Office of Culture. The RCM's work is regulated in a performance agreement.

The Federal Office for Culture has established a steering committee to coordinate the interests of the federal offices involved as well as those of the Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education (EDK). The committee is especially responsible for the appraisal of the RCM's roster of activities and its statement of accounts.

The RCM is advised by an academic advisory board which periodically assesses the RCM's research activities.